This paper conducts a review to a recent theory by Christopher Dunn that suggests that the ancient Egyptians had the technology to generate and wirelessly transmit electrical energy using the Great Pyramids of Giza. Also, the paper makes a comparison between the principle of this old technology to what is being developed in the present time to achieve wireless and efficient transmission of the electric energy.
Historically, the great pyramids of Egypt at Giza have been portrayed as huge and glorious tombs for pharaohs and queens. This understanding has been discussed by many theories and studies. However, through the last twenty years, new discoveries have been revealing more questions that these theories were not able to answer. This has led to rethinking the findings and rearranging the parts into the formation of a new and well established theory that has emerged in the last fifteen years by Christopher Dunn and others. This theory suggests that the sophisticated structure and design of the pyramids is indicative of a functional purpose more than spiritual. Measurements and scientific studies have been conducted to further prove that those pyramids were built to function as “Electrical Generators” and wirelessly transmit this electric energy across Egypt.
The authors of this paper are actively conducting a research in the field of wireless electricity transmission. The interest in this concept has been initiated by Nicola Tesla back in 1898 through the establishment of the Wardenclyffe Tower facility in Long Island, NY. Also, recent research advancements have been achieved by an MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) team back in 2007. The results of these latest efforts had showed that it is possible to transmit up to 60 W over a distance of about 2 meters using resonant magnetic coupling between two coils (this technology is named commercially as Witricity).
Through the survey of previous research in the field of wireless electricity transmission that was conducted by the authors, this interesting theory had come to attention. Although the authors are not adopting the theory in full, but they think it is interesting to review and would deserve further scientific investigations, especially after identifying the significant similarity in the operational concept with some of the latest trends in this field (the concept of resonant coupling).
There are many archeological evidences that support that the great pyramids were never meant to be tombs. Among those is that, no inscriptions of any kind appear in the corridors of the Great Pyramids, in contrary with what was found in all other tombs discovered elsewhere. This suggests a functional building, rather than a mausoleum. Also, the empty stone chest that was found inside the King’s Chamber had no signs of chemical remains of buried body. Additionally, the salt remains on the walls of the queen ’s chamber indicate that it has been used to host some chemical reaction and no soot has been found in the corridors of the pyramids or the tombs of the kings to indicate that regular fire torches were used to light these places.
This paper presents an overview of this interesting theory as presented in the books of Christopher Dunn, “The Giza Power Plant: Technologies of Ancient Egypt” in 1998 and “Lost Technologies of Ancient Egypt: Advanced Engineering in the Temples of the Pharaohs” in 2010. The first book is introducing the theory of electricity generation and wireless transmission through the great pyramids in Giza along with all the scientific, engineering and archeological evidences that support the theory. While the second book is carrying out a unique study of the engineering and tools used to create Egyptian monuments and jewelries. Additionally, the paper illustrates the similarities between the latest trends in the field of wireless electricity transmission and the suggested theory from the perspective of concept of operation. Figure 1 below is showing the suggested model of how the pyramid was functioning as a power plant.
The Electrical Design of the Pyramid
The structure and design of the pyramids emphasize its electrical nature, even more. The outer casing of the pyramid was covered with white tufa limestone. The white tufa limestone does not contain magnesium and has high insulating properties. This insulation property prevented the electricity inside the pyramid from being released without control. Also, the chambers and the passages connecting them are made of granite which is a good electrical conductor, slightly radio-active, and is formed of about 55% of quartz crystals. Quartz crystals are known for stimulating electrons to flow when they are mechanically vibrated or stressed (Piezoelectric Effect). Figure 2 illustrates the principle of this phenomenon.
This theory suggests that the Queen Chamber was hosting a chemical reaction to generate hydrogen. Those chemical compounds (hydrated zinc chloride solution and dilute hydrochloric acid solution) were being pumped into the Queen’s Chamber through the Northern and Southern shafts until contact was made between the grapnel hook and the electrodes that were found sticking out of the door. The resulting hydrogen will fill all the interior passages and chambers while the waste of the spent chemicals would flow through the Horizontal Passage down to the Well Shaft.
The equipment that provided the priming pulses is assumed to be the Subterranean Chamber. The distance between the five granite beams on the top of the King’ s Chamber are adjustable and will be adjusted to the frequency generated by the Subterranean Chamber (which is the resonance frequency of the earth). This tuning will create a resonance coupling that will cause the vibrational energy of the earth to flow through the pyramid and influence a series of Helmholtz-type resonators housed in the Grand Gallery connecting the King’s and the Queen’s chambers. The Kings’ Chamber is the heart of the pyramid’s power plant.
It is comprised of thousands of tons of granite that will vibrate in sympathy with the incoming pulses that in turn will stress the quartz crystal to stimulate electric current. Figure 3 illustrates the idea of how the pyramid’s internal structure will engage into a resonant coupling with the earth’s vibration in order to harness such energy.
It is important at this point to identify the strong similarity between what recent advancements are utilizing to wirelessly transmit the electric energy and what is suggested to be how the pyramids were functioning in order to perform the same exact purpose, in addition to self-generating this energy. The Witricity technology is based on efficiently exchanging energy between two coupled coils/resonators which are equipped with Impedance Matching Network (IMN) at each coil to ensure that each coil is tuned at the selected resonant, as shown in Figures 4 and 5. While in the case of the pyramid’s Kings Chamber and the earth, they both will start to exchange energy at resonance and the tuning to the frequency of the earth’s vibration is achieved through the adjustment of the five granite beams above the King’ s Chamber. It becomes clear that both designs are based on resonant coupling to exchange and harness the energy from the source resonator. Figure 6 explains that the granite beams are not needed for weight support or adding extra strength to the structure above the chamber. This, in a way, supports the suggestion that they were performing another function, which the theory suggests to be a tuning instrument.
The energy that filled the King’s Chamber at this point became a combination of acoustical energy and electromagnetic energy. Both forms of energy are generated at a broad spectrum of harmonic frequencies, from the fundamental infrasonic frequencies of the earth to ultrasonic and higher electromagnetic microwave frequencies.
The Northern Shaft served as the conduit, or a waveguide along with its metal lining, to pass the microwave signal created by the hydrogen that fills the universe and constantly bombarding the earth. Additionally, the hydrogen that is filling the pyramid passages will absorb the generated energy (being generated at the same frequency at which the hydrogen atom resonates) resulting in pumping its only electron to the higher energy state. This process will reoccur exponentially (trillion of times) so that the microwave that has entered the King’s Chamber as a small universal signal will become a collimated (parallel) beam of immense power as it was collected in the microwave receiver housed in the South Wall of the King’s Chamber and then to be directed through the metal-lined Southern Chamber to the outside of the pyramid. This energy could be captured for lighting and manufacturing use by wireless tuned antennas, as was shown on the drawings on the walls of some of the temples and tombs, Figures 7 below is showing some examples of these drawings and carvings that are believed to be electric devices used for lighting.
Conclusion and Simulation Results
The dream of wirelessly transporting the electric energy is not new to the humanity. Figure 8 shows the results of simulating the direct and inverse piezoelectric effect of the Quartz material. The model simulates the effect of applying mechanical pressure inside a Quartz tube. This “Direct” effect is resulting in voltage difference between the inner and the outer surfaces of the tube. It also shows the resulting displacement in the tube structure due to the voltage applied (1V) between the inner and outer surfaces, know as “Inverse” effect. The modeling and simulation was conducted using the COMSOL Multiphysics software.